We are officially into Week 3 of this Stress / Wellness Challenge. I hope you have already noticed some things regarding what causes or increases your stress, the ways you cope with that stress and, more importantly, I hope you have had the chance to identify some less healthy ways you cope with stress that you would like to change (and by change I mean replace with healthier coping habits).
Now it’s time to start taking action! This week we are talking all about Food & Nutrition. Yep! My favorite topic :) . This is for all of us “stress eaters” or “stress non-eaters” out there or those that may be eating in ways that increase stress and don’t even realize it! So, here we go, this week’s info on Managing Stress Through Nutrition…
HOW DOES STRESS AFFECT OUR INTAKE & FOOD CHOICES?
Eating foods that specifically contain fat and sugar cause a release of hormones, like dopamine, that promote a feeling of well-being & satisfaction.
We turn to these foods because our brains know that they will produce these good feelings and combat the impact that the stress response has on our mood.
The release of cortisol can intensify emotions & motivation and, in turn, increase excitement and motivation or desire for these foods.
WHEN IT BECOMES “STRESS EATING”…
Norepinephrine and cortisol are involved in learning & memory, especially around negative emotional events.
When we eat certain “comfort foods” after these hormones are released in stressful events, our memory is set to remember this coupling in future stressful events.
We begin to associate feeling stressed & feeling better with eating these particular foods.
Stress begins to promote more habitual behaviors at the expense of cognitive, goal - directed actions (aka, we stop thinking about and then deciding to eat the food, we just do it).
We no longer consciously think about how to cope with the stressor.
WHY MIGHT WE OVEREAT WHEN WE ARE STRESSED?
Sugar, fat and salt combinations increase the response in the brain.
Dopamine may stay elevated the more multisensory a food is.
ice cream + hot fudge + crunchy peanuts = GIVE ME MORE, PLEASE!
In one study, participants ate more M&M’s if given 10 colors vs 7 colors (which equaled over 100 more calories)
WHAT ARE THE HEALTH CONSEQUENCES?
Increase in blood sugars (plus decrease in insulin sensitivity that can be found with chronic stress)
Increased abdominal fat (visceral fat)
Puts us at greater risk for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease
Remember, when stressed, our bodies tend to store fat / energy around our middles because this is where important organs are that allow us to convert stored energy to glucose to “fight” or “flight”.
SOME FOOD SOLUTIONS
No skipping meals!
Skipping meals causes a roller coaster affect on our blood sugars that leaves us lethargic, less mentally sharp and less able to tackle projects and obstacles.
Include salmon & tuna
The vitamin D in salmon is part of the serotonin - producing pathway and can help promote feelings of calm & well-being.
Both salmon & tuna contain omega 3’s, which promote brain health and help decrease inflammation in the body
Include whole grain carbohydrates
The carbohydrates promote serotonin production to help calm you down
The protein and fiber in the whole grains help steady the blood sugars (so they don’t spike & drop like in refined cookies, chips and candies, putting further stress on the body)
Include leafy greens, beans, oranges
These are all high in folate, which helps the body produce energy!
Also, in some studies low folate levels have been found in those with depression
Snack on fresh fruit
The natural sugar can help satisfy a sweet tooth plus provide the body with tons of antioxidants, fiber and fluid to keep energy levels up!
There have been benefits found in dark chocolate so I’m totally not opposed to a little dark chocolate if you can watch portions. It just depends on the individual.
Crunch on vegetables and whole grain crackers or popcorn
Did you know the actual act of crunching has been found to reduce stress? Crunch away stress and tension with these healthier options and also get a dose of vitamins, minerals, fiber and fluid!
ANOTHER RESOURCES FOR YOU…
THIS WEEK’S CHALLENGE / FOCUS:
How do I use food to cope? Do I use food to cope?
I could use food to help manage my stress in healthier ways by _____________.
Stress - fighting foods I already include or that I would like to start including are ________.
Happy Fueling & Take Care!